The Segregation Of The United States

1292 WordsMay 10, 20176 Pages
The Union was in a state of exceedingly high tension as it split into two on the issue of slavery. It was a question of moral integrity and whether it should be allowed to continue. Racism permeated the institution of slavery. The color of a man’s skin did not keep him from fighting for freedom in the wars that took place in America, although it was a way white people sought to justify their mistreatment of them. Slaves were viewed as inferior beings by southern whites and as the abolition movement gained momentum in the north, the slave owners began to see northerners as inferior as well for sympathizing with such barbarians. The Dred Scott case only serves to further this point; slaves were by law not seen as citizens. Consequently,…show more content…
It began in 1619, in Jamestown, Virginia when African slaves were brought as an incredibly prolific and cheap source of labor; quickly becoming the backbone for much agricultural profit. There’s no doubt that, economically speaking, slavery was an extraordinary institution for gaining wealth; so powerful was this concept that it formed the basis of the Southern economy. Though they worked primarily on tobacco, rice, and indigo plantations in the 17th and 18th centuries, the later advent of the cotton gin saved the South and provided a machine that could increase the productivity of the slaves and the amount of cotton that they could export, further proving that slave labor was a crucial part of the South’s economy. The conflicting ideologies on slavery in the North and South clashed heavily, inevitably leading to the South’s secession from the Union. Abraham Lincoln wished to suffocate slavery in the states in which it already existed by not allowing the institution to expand into the new territories. In his house divided speech he says “In my opinion, it will not cease, until a crisis shall have been reached, and passed. ‘A house divided against itself cannot stand.’ I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free.” The two mindsets could not coexist forever as they were vastly different. The issue of morality in slavery clearly had split in half with the justification for pro-slavery
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