Essay on The Segregation of School in America

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The Segregation of School in America

In history there are two major turning points in the fight for equal
rights. The first was “Homer Plessey vs. The rail road company” of
1986. Homer Plessey was asked to sit in a black only carriage and
refused; he was kicked off the train. He decided to take his case to
the supreme court and they ruled in favour of segregation, saying
“separate but equal”. Segregation had been occurring for many years
already in the form of “The Jim Crow Laws” but now that it had been
ruled legal it would happen much more openly. The next turning point
in the fight against segregation happened in 1954. The case was “Brown
vs. The Topeka Board Of Education”, the argument was about
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Black meaning
the absence of light and wisdom.” Even the president at the time said
“I don’t believe that you can change the hearts of men with laws.” The
main problem was that most of the inhabitants of southern states were
unwilling to let a black man sit beside them inside a restaurant.
George Wallace the governor of Alabama expressed his views by saying
“segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation for ever”.

Throughout the south schools started integrating in accordance with
the Supreme Court ruling. Most schools that tried this were met by
angry mobs and the Ku Klux Klan. Nevertheless they integrated in
little rock Arkansas fifteen year old Elizabeth Eckford was attempting
to attend a former white only school. She was stopped by a white mob
and state police. The president was not willing to allow individual
states to undermine him so he sent in the Federal Guard to escort her
into the school and classes making sure that she didn’t get hurt. This
was also happening to most of the schools in the south. At the time
the NAACP and other civil rights campaigners adopted a method used by
Mahatma Gandhi in India. It was called “Non Violent Protest”. The idea
was to…