The Sense Of Belonging And Interpersonal Connectivity

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The sense of belonging and interpersonal connectivity is a widely researched topic in psychology, but controversies have been surrounding it among different researchers (Ma, 2003). Also, it has been defined in various ways . According to Vallerand, sense of belonging has to do with the feeling of connectivity with others in the same environment, often involving identifying oneself with a particular group. When the sense of belonging is deeply rooted within a group, one feels accepted, loved and respected in self- image, personally and what they believe in (Booker, 2004; Goodenow, 1993). Baumeister and Leary (1995) acknowledged that sense of belonging has two features: contact and interactions at regular basis and the context of love and care. Baumeister and Leary said that “human beings have a pervasive drive to form and maintain at least a minimum quantity of lasting, positive, and significant interpersonal relationships” (Baumeister & Leary, 1995, p. 497). The sense of belonging has a lasting effect on one’s personality in respect with emotions and other cognitive processes (Baumeister & Leary, 1995). When the sense of belonging is at its lowest, students are prone to being engulfed by solitary thoughts, feel lonely and lose interest in many social interaction opportunities (Goodenow, 1993). This in turn is attributed to dwindling academic performance, as the students don’t feel accepted and motivated within the social parameters around them (Goodenow, 1993). Considerable
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