The Separation of Human Intelligence from Artificial Intelligence

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The question of what it means to be human, and what might separate human intelligence from artificial intelligence, has never been more important, because humanity is rapidly approaching the point where technological development will allow the creation of genuinely creative thinking machines. Philosophers, scientists, and even fiction authors have grappled with the ethical implications of this possibility, but many of the ethical quandaries faced by these thinkers are predicated upon a misguided conception of what it means to be human in the first place. By examining the role of metaphors in cognition, what it means to be human, the non-existence of the so-called "mind-body" problem, and the somewhat surprising lack of a distinction between human and artificial intelligence, it will be possible to demonstrate that the ethical issues concerning the creation of thinking machines are no different than those concerning the conception of a human child, and furthermore, that there might even be a kind of ethical imperative for humans to create and nurture artificial intelligence in the future. To begin this study, it necessary to discuss certain elements of human cognition that have, in the past, led philosophers to imagine that human intelligence represents something special, unique, or otherwise distinct from other forms of intelligence, but which actually reveal that human intelligence is nothing more than the product of evolution, along with every living thing humans have

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