The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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Ancient history shows the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world highlighted by Philon of Byzance. After Alexandre the Great the canonical list of seven wonders was presented: the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Colossus of Rhodes and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. They are claimed to be the most remarkable creations of the ancient world due to their uniqueness, beauty, forms and innovations. Classical world had never seen such constructions before. The chosen figure “seven” not simply exemplifies perfection, but also shows the number of known planets including the Sun and the Moon. The chosen four wonders are the Colossus of Rhodes, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus. The mentioned wonders were located in northern Africa, Greece and minor Asia. (Clayton & Prince 1990) The Colossus of Rhodes is a bronze statue representing the God of the Sun in Greece – Helios. The statue was built by the Greek sculptor Charas of Lindos. Historical researches assume that the statue honored the victory against the Macedonians, in particular against Demetrios Poliorcete. The date of its creation is argued to be between 303 and 291 BC, so the process of its construction took over twenty years. The statue was located near modern Saint-Nicolas Day mole. After some marble blocks had been found by archeologists, the
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