The Severity Of The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

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The severity of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) accident on the 26th April 1986, led to the unforeseeable environmental and human health impacts over most of Europe. The extent of these impacts, predominantly over Ukraine, Russia and Belarus, were later recognised by the world as being the worst nuclear accident to occur of all time (Balonov and Bouville 2011; Alexakhin et al. 2006; Saenko et al. 2011). The reactor explosion of unit four ChNPP, Ukraine, a former member of the Soviet Union, was caused primarily by design errors and negligence of safety procedures by staff operators (Frot, N.d. & OECD-NEA, 2000). As a result, caused a sudden power surge and steam explosion that ruptured the reactor cap and fuel channels to implode, releasing radioactive material and gases to the atmosphere (Frot, N.d.) The fire and explosion from ChNPP, resulted in the release of large quantities of volatile radionuclides (Iodine131, Caesium134, Caesium137, and Strontium90), noble gases (Xenon and Krypton), and fragmented fuel and debris up to the atmosphere (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation 2012). Consequently, the negative environmental and human health impacts associated from the radioactive fallout required remedial actions, to re-sustain the environment and human health, and prevent further recontamination of the source pathways. For these reasons, this essay will delineate and comprehend multiple studies that have been, or are being

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