The Shallow Pond And The Envelope

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Paper Topic IV: The Shallow Pond and The Envelope
In this paper I will argue that other people’s suffering matters and that as humans, we have a moral obligation to help others in regards to the envelope and shallow pond cases, however, those we know or are closer in proximity to, take priority over strangers. I will also address O’Neill and Singer’s main expositions and their application on the issue of famine relief.
O’Neill formulates her beliefs based on the ideas of Immanuel Kant. Kantianism is founded on the belief that one must never treat themselves or another person as a mere means. O’Neill believes that the intention to perform an action, rather than the consequences of it, is what determines the moral worth of one’s actions. Additionally, she would argue that Kantianism revolves around actions reflecting one or more personal maxim, or rule of conduct with which one guides their life. In conveying the Kantian perspective, O’Neill formulates a duty based argument. When applying our duty of beneficence, she highlights that we have a responsibility to perform acts that refrain from using people as mere means, as well as to help develop and promote the other person’s ends, while fostering their capacities to pursue their goals. O’Neill further continues to mention our duty of justice, which implies that we have an obligation to give to those in need, but prioritize those that we personally know or are in close proximity to. Furthermore, this belief supports the idea

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