The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation ( Sco ) Covers More Than Three Fifths Of The Eurasian Landmass
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The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) covers more than three fifths of the Eurasian landmass and represents one fourth of the world population. In that sense it is the biggest security organisation in the world next to the UN (Oldberg 2007:13). The SCO is also the only international security organisation where China is a member and the US is not. Central Asia is at the centre of the organisation both in a geographical and political sense.
Central Asia is a place where the strategic interests of the world powers intersect. External factors sustain political, military, and to a large extent economic stability in the region. Russia, the West, and China act as the main outside stabilizers. World and regional powers actively defend their military–political and economic interests in Central Asia (Baizakova 2013:59).
Under the impact of globalisation the need of cooperation in the realm of security has become all the more important. If the Central Asian Countries prove incapable of conducting a coordinated policy in relation to the outside world, they risk losing their strategic position that has been acquired in recent years in international politics.
Security cooperation in the region takes place within the framework of certain multilateral institutions, including through the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. The organisation has shown flexibility and adaptiveness by its rapid growth, the creation of new institutions and broadening agenda. It serves as a useful forum