In a brief 2012 interview with PBS Newshour, Zbigniew Brzezinski offered his opinion on how the United States will need to act during the ongoing changes in the world’s power structure: the rising influence of China and the East, the decline in power of the United States and the West, and a shift in state interactions to focus on global issues. Brzezinski suggests that, in response to these issues, “America ought to strive to create some sort of balance, global equilibrium, so that we can all collectively address the problems that the world faces ” (PBS Newshour, 2012). There are three main components of his argument: first, that America needs to expand the West to include Russia and Turkey as future allies. Next, America needs to re-evaluate
Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to propose a course of action to counter the PRC’s aggressive influence within the SCS specifically regarding the ongoing territorial disputes.
Moreover, China has increased its participation, taking the role of active global player in many international organizations. This can definitely enhance communication between the various states, resulting into the reduction of uncertainty in intentions. Eventually, states will trust each other more and make binding commitments that will preserve the world’s peace and stability. Besides that, international organizations can also ease or even prevent international anarchies. For instance, the three (3) major powers of East Asia such as China, Japan and South Korea have been integrated in ASEAN + 3; the East Asia Summit to discuss about bilateral military talks and security issues, involving scholars, analysts and bureaucrats from countries in the region to enhance the co-operation and exchange of information between the countries in East Asia. This can be seen when China’s membership in formal international organizations doubled between the years 1977 to 1997 from 21 to 52. However, China’s participation in global international
The necessity for an East Asian Community has never been greater. Globalization of the world economy and trends towards regional trading blocs brings new challenges. Global standards need to be defined and regulations harmonized. Regional cooperation and coordination are required to advance the region’s common interests. The region is endowed with an abundance of skilled labor, entrepreneurs, natural resources, capital and advanced technology. These common challenges and complementary resources call for mutually beneficial cooperation and exchanges, not only in the economic realm, but also in the political, security, environmental, social, cultural and educational arenas. The rapid rise of China and its increasing influence in the region has been a source of friction and concern for its neighbors but has also raised the possibility of imagining an Asia that is less centered on the U.S. China’s growing economy could entail a rebalancing of the economic center for Asia. Unquestionably, China’s role and attitude will be crucial to the success or failure of an East Asian
Assessing China as a whole could become a rigorous challenge, but for the purpose of this paper, certain areas will be analyzed. The First topic of interest is China’s significance to the United States (U.S.), most notably, China’s economic influence and partnership with the United States. When mentioning China’s significance, China’s vast standing army of 2.3 million, with millions more available for service must receive attention. The next portion of this look into China will involve a synopsis of threats to and from China and the threats justification with possible immediate and future implications.
Decades has passed since U.S. and China established formal diplomatic relations. The two countries have faced the pressures of economic transformation, social and political standoffs, and now have moved to a new stage of complex mix of diplomatic issues, differences in values, and increasingly intertwined economy. If the U.S. and China to improve their achievements made in the past, then the U.S. – China relation is likely to surpass the contradictions in cultural, political, economic and social differences, and seek to maximize the mutual benefit for both and work together to shift the focus to making greater
The extraordinary economic growth of China in the past 30 years is a miracle in many aspects. China has the second highest GDP in the world after the United States, and it is expecting that to surpass the American economy by 2025 (Zhao, 2014). Comparing the GDP of 2012 and 1978, there was a 142 times increase. The GDP per capita has increase 101 times as well. It has lifted more than 500 million people out of poverty (Zhao, 2014). This economic miracle is credited to the economic reforms that started in 1978, which in many ways, learned from the experiences of the model of developmental state in Korea and Japan. These series of reforms put China’s economy back to track after the Great Leap Forward, a failed and catastrophic social and economic campaign between 1958 and 1961, and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, a devastating turmoil between 1966 and 1976. The extraordinary economic growth of China in the past 30 years is a miracle in many aspects. China has the second highest GDP in the world after the United States, and it is expecting that to surpass the American economy by 2025 (Zhao, 2014). Comparing the GDP of 2012 and 1978, there was a 142 times increase. The GDP per capita has increase 101 times as well. It has lifted more than 500 million people out of poverty (Zhao, 2014). This economic miracle is credited to Deng Xiaoping, one of the greatest leaders and reformists in China. He initiated a series of neoliberal economic
After almost 15 years of negotiations, China successfully entered the World Trade Organization on December 11, 2001. In less than three years since its accession, while China’s progress has been somewhat behind schedule, the country has made very significant changes that have helped transition it to a market economy and open the country to the multilateral trading system.
The rise of the People’s Republic of China (China) in today’s world has evolved into a new reality. In this essay, it will be noted that although China is increasing its prominence in international politics, China will not be a dominant global actor in the near future. In this evaluation, the phrase “dominant global actor” will be defined, and the parameters for “near future” will be set to the next two decades from now. This essay will then outline examples on how China has increased its presence to affirm its increasing prominence in international politics before considering the many arguments that will show why China will not be a dominant global actor in the near future.
Today, the influence of the People’s Republic of China is felt around the world. Its global economic and diplomatic presence has led to speculation that China will be or already is the next superpower. However, China was not always so involved in the world and the motivations that drove China to extend its influence and ability to project power remain a subject of debate. There are two major schools of thought on what motivated China to become a global actor. Certain scholars such as David Shambaugh, Elizabeth Economy, and Michael Levi, believe Chinese global influence is a result of the need to secure raw materials essential to economic and industrial development. Other scholars such as Susan Shirk and Shaofeng Chen see Chinese attempts to expand its influence as primarily a method of ensuring that the Communist Party of China retains enough domestic support to hold on to power. This paper argues that the rise of China’s global involvement in the 21st century is largely a result of its quest for energy security, which has motivated China to expand its power projection capabilities, extend its influence in the developing world, and take on global leadership roles. China’s rapid economic rise created a huge demand for energy that generated energy security concerns within the government. These concerns led to the onset of Chinese investment around the globe in an effort to control energy resources. Moreover, energy security has been a primary motivator for the modernization
United Nations has been formed, in the year of 2015. As a consequence to this alliance, it was
Since the conclusion of the Chinese civil war in 1949, China and Taiwan have functioned as separate nations. There has always been the promise by Taiwan to reunify with the mainland, but no real, concerted effort has ever been made. This and the actions of the United States on behalf of Taiwan have caused China to become threatened by the situation in recent months. The Chinese government released a statement last week that will bring the situation to a head in the near future. In light of China's statement and the response of Taiwan and the U.S., we have to ask what the situation means for China/U.S. relations.
The Greek philosopher Heraclitus is commonly attributed with the idea that nothing is constant but change (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2011). This is particularly true in business. If an organization is not changing and evolving with the market then they are stagnating and falling behind. In this exercise XYZ, Inc. is pursuing an international expansion into Shanghai, China followed by an expansion into four other international markets a year later. I believe XYZ, Inc. should use the Systems Contingency Model to launch the international expansion in Shanghai because this change model is complex enough to incorporate all the environmental requirements and a good tool to highlight how the different internal dimensions of the
Within the PRC there is a strong sentiment that now is China’s time to take its place as a major actor in a new multipolar world. This is a key aspect of Xi Jinping’s “China Dream” and a growing pillar of party legitimacy as the Chinese economy slows and matures. A key aspect for China to be perceived as a hub of power is to have the ability to assert its interest in the region. As such, Chinese policy towards the S.C.S has been described as developing a “sphere of influence” similar to the US in the Caribbean during the 19th and 20th century. The South East Asian region would be economically interconnected through Chinese investment and development, creating demand for Chinese goods and services. Politically, smaller states would have the PRC as an advocate and China would insulate itself with friendly neighbors. In an effort to project its growing role in the South-East Asia the PRC has adopted a renewed and more provocative approach to regional politics with more assertive stances on various disputed areas, including the nine dash line. By claiming the vast majority of the S.C.S., or the land features in it, Beijing is
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is basically a global international organization which regulates international trade and dealing with the rules of trade between nations. Due to the era of globalization in world trade economy, it leads to the bias toward rich states and multinational corporations harming the smaller countries to have less negotiation power among them. In such case, this assignment will discuss on the historical background of the establishment of WTO, the objectives of the establishment of WTO, the functions on how it works as the international organization. Other than that, this assignment will explain the principles lay down in this agreement, the obligations under the WTO and how many members joined the WTO since the establishment. Besides that, this assignment will elaborate more about the advantages and disadvantages of WTO towards all states members and their relations with the others.