The Shortcomings of Cloning

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Did you know that every living creature starts as a cell (Barber, 9)? That is where cloning begins as well, with a singular cell, more specifically a DNA cell. A clone is an organism that is an exact genetic copy of another organism (Barber, 6). Francis Crick and James Watson discovered that DNA is made up of two strands, called a double helix (Barber, 9). Maurice Wilkins, James Watson, and Francis Crick won the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize for their DNA work. There are approximately 3 billion DNA base pairs in the human genome (Barber, 10). In the human genome, there are 20, 000 to 25, 000 genes. The goal of genetic engineering is to add traits to a being. Genetic engineering is a form of cloning, in which scientists manipulate genes and add new DNA to an organism (Barber, 6). Genes are the building blocks of life (Barber, 6), and the molecular unit of heredity. They carry the information that control how living beings grow and live (Barber, 6). Human genes are made of 23 chromosomes (Barber, 10). Cloning is a moral and ethical paradox. Cloning has many shortcomings. First, the organisms have a shorter life span and are more susceptible to contracting one to several diseases. These diseases can lead to a lower quality of life for the organism. Also, cloned offspring are very likely to contract "Large Offspring Syndrome”, which is a syndrome in which the offspring is significantly larger than the normal breed (Rantala, 103). Cloning is not natural, it is costly, and it is a
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