The Sierra Leones Civil War

1658 WordsFeb 16, 20187 Pages
The Sierra Leones Civil War, started in 1991 and ended in 2002.In more than a decade cities were destroyed and occupied, people displaced, women raped and children forced to become soldiers. Man were mostly used in the diamond’s mines or deployed in illegal armed forces. At the very beginning, in 1991 the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) from Liberia moved to Sierra Leone to overthrow the Joseph Momoh government. In the meanwhile, the Sierra Leone Army tried its best to protect the huge amount of diamonds’ mines. Those mines, through the illicit commerce all over the world, fuelled the RUF and the NPFL (National Patriotic Front of Liberia) or later in the years the AFRC (Armed Forces Revolutionary Council), to support theirs military expenses with the revenues. In 1992 the economic deficit, the internal conflicts and a less accountable Momoh’s Government brought the National Provisional Ruling Council to a ‘coup d’état’. At that point, the SLA and RUF were indistinguishable for all the corruption and ‘Sobels’ (soldiers by day, rebels by night) present in both armies. From 1993 to 1995 Sierra Leone tried to free herself from RUF and diamond’s mines control. In 1995 the UN plans for Sierra Leone included sending Mr. Berhanu Dinka, to cooperate with the Organization of Africa Unity and ECOWAS to negotiate and bring back peace to the country. In the same year, a groups led by Eeben Barlow from the SADF (South African Defense Forces), formed the Executive Outcomes (EO), a
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