The Signs and Symptoms of Stress

2247 WordsFeb 21, 20189 Pages
The Signs and Symptoms of Stress Stress is a common problem with today's hectic lifestyle. Stress isn't always bad, however. Your body’s reaction to stress is a self-preservation response to keep you alive in dangerous situations. Stress can help you deal with emergencies and it can help you do better with important tasks. But being in a constant state of stress can be very harmful to the body. The constant release of hormones can lead to high blood pressure, depression, anxiety, and heart disease. Noticing signs of stress and using techniques to reduce levels of stress can help you avoid health issues. How Does the Body Respond to Stress? When your body perceives a threat of some kind your nervous system activates and releases hormones including adrenaline and cortisol to prepare the body for an emergency. Your heart rate increases, breathing rate increases, muscles tense, blood pressure rises, your eyes dilate, and higher levels of free fatty acids and blood sugar are released to provide immediate energy. Watching your child run into the street, for instance, would probably cause a hormonal response that allows you to catch your child before he is in danger. Your pituitary gland excretes ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) into your blood. ACTH causes the release of epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline) into your blood. These two hormones signal the body to prepare for an emergency. There is also a reduction in the relationship between dopamine and
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