The Similarities And Differences Of The Audio-Lingual Method

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The Audio-Lingual method first emerged in the 1940’s when army personnel needed to become proficient in different languages in a short period of time. Americans who were destined to join the World War II as translators, interpreters, etc. had to learn the languages of both their allies and their enemies. For this purpose, universities created language programmes that focused on the specific army needs. The Army Specialized Training Program (ASTP) did not teach writing or grammar, it concentrated on listening, speaking, and pronunciation. It was primarily an oral-based method. The Audio-lingual method is based on Behaviouristic principles. According to this theory, humans learn in the same way as animals and are just blank plates with no genetic…show more content…
The focus of the lesson is accuracy, but the long-term goal is fluency in a certain language. Teachers introduce drill practices; for example, repetition, imitation, substitution, transformation, extension, or contraction (Rogers, Richards 78). Teachers can also use audio and visual aids, especially if they are not native speakers of the given language – recordings provide students with a great example of native speech. The Communicative approach could be described as a developed Audio-lingual method; there are many similarities and differences between them, such as: Audio-lingual VS Communicative Language learning is learning its building blocks: morphology, syntax, etc. Language Learning is learning in order to be able to communicate Perfect pronunciation is the goal Understandable pronunciation is desired Translation is prohibited Translation is used if it is to benefit the student The teacher is in total control of the learner Teacher’s role is to motivate the learner Learners dependent on the teacher More autonomous learners Source: Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching, p. 156-157,
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