The Similarities and Differences Between a Mesopotamian ‘Courtyard’ and a Roman ‘Peristyle’ House

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The similarities and differences between the design, construction and environmental performance of a typical Mesopotamian ‘courtyard’ and a Roman ‘peristyle’ house The idea of courtyard goes back to Neolithic Times. It was conceived for such needs as providing protection from natural forces : weather, wild life or human invasions. Later on, it was transformed in functional architecture that can be characterized by its design, structure and environment uses. Apart from its climatic functions, the cultural aspect has the same importance. Vittirio Gregotti is describing the courtyard as an architectural act par excellence saying :”The enclosure not only establishes a specific relationship with a specific place but is the principle by…show more content…
The similarities and differences between the design, construction and environmental performance of a typical Mesopotamian ‘courtyard’ and a Roman ‘peristyle’ house The idea of courtyard goes back to Neolithic Times. It was conceived for such needs as providing protection from natural forces : weather, wild life or human invasions. Later on, it was transformed in functional architecture that can be characterized by its design, structure and environment uses. Apart from its climatic functions, the cultural aspect has the same importance. Vittirio Gregotti is describing the courtyard as an architectural act par excellence saying :”The enclosure not only establishes a specific relationship with a specific place but is the principle by which a human group states its very relationship with nature and cosmos. In addition, the enclosure is the form of the thing; how it presents itself to the outside of the world; how it reveals itself.” There is something poetical about the courtyard as they represent for humans a link between the sky and the ground by creating a direct contact with nature. Therefore, monumental trees, vegetation and ponds were used in order to make a pleasant ambiance. Some of them looked like gardens. Roman and Mesopotamian courtyard houses were inward-looking towards the central courtyards , without any external windows and the external spaces were avoided in order to assure the necessary intimacy and privacy. A common thing for all the courtyards was its
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