The Single European Market Essay

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1. The Background of the Freedoms

In order to understand the evolvement of the Single Market of the European Union, one has to take the general background into consideration. Therefore, it is important to have a look at the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty) which gave birth to the creation of the Single Market. Having been the Common Market before the Maastricht treaty, the European Economic Community (EEC) Treaty already clarified the objective of cooperation between member states. Throughout the Single Market, those objectives should be transformed into reality.

By the signing of the Treaty on European Union (TEU, formal for Maastricht Treaty) in 1992 and its entering into force in November 1993, the European Union was
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To act against violation of the free movement of services, the business process has been divided into six main stages, which are the establishment, the use of inputs, the promotion, the distribution, the sales and the after sales phase.

2.3 Free Movement of People

Third, there is the free movement of people. Since the Schengen Agreement (1990), which was followed by the Schengen Convention, came into force in 1995, controls on people at the internal borders of the Schengen Zone were abolished in order to harmonise controls at the external frontiers and to introduce a common policy on visas and other accompanying measures like police and judicial cooperation. Additionally, the right for European citizens to move freely within the Schengen Area is determined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Originally, a right of free movement across the EU was only envisaged for the working population, as a single market could not be achieved while limitations to workforce mobility remained in existence. In Articles 39 to 42 of the EC Treaty, the right for EU workers to move freely is fixed again explicitly. This “special” kind of freedom should also include that any discrimination based on nationalities between workers of the Member States, regarding employment, remuneration and other conditions of work and employment, is abolished. To sum it up, people have the right to live and settle freely and companies are authorized to recruit people they need anywhere in the
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