The Single Trial Learning : Implications For Episodic Memory Essay

795 WordsMar 4, 20164 Pages
“Single-trial learning of "what" and "who" information in a gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla): implications for episodic memory” 1. “The authors refer to “episodic-like memory” as the kind of episodic memory present in nonhuman animals. Based on the rationale provided by the authors in the introduction of the article, as well as on the characteristics of episodic memory postulated by Tulving, explain how episodic-like memory is similar to and how it is different from human episodic memory?(8 points)” “Episodic-like memory” in non-human animals is very similar to episodic memory experienced by humans in that both retrieval methods involve retrieving memory in a short-term and long-term approach. In the two memory cases, human and nonhuman animals, both subjects experienced retention of some kind. Clayton and Dickinson explain that in order to be labeled episodic memory, the retained experience must include information about “who, what, where, and when”. The difference in human episodic memory and nonhuman episodic-like memory lies in the fact that humans can re-experience the events mentally, whereas it cannot be determined if animals are able to re-experience the events. “However, with the King study, the data demonstrates that animals, at least gorillas, are able to remember multiple components in each event. This explains the use of the term “episodic-like” memory and not actual episodic memory”. 2. “Describe the hypotheses that were tested in the study?.(7 points)”
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