The Sino Philippine South China Sea Conflict

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Amy Ly POL 122 30 November 2015 The Sino-Philippine South China Sea Conflict Introduction In addressing a long-time conflict, the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague ruled on 29 October 2015 that it will be holding hearings over a South China Sea territorial dispute filed by the Philippines against the People’s Republic of China. The South China Sea has been a region of large dispute over both unresolved island and maritime claims by the People’s Republic of China, Republic of China (Taiwan), Brunei, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines (Buszynski and Sazlan, 2007). The most recent issues at hand is the PRC’s construction efforts in the highly contentious Spratly Islands, or Nansha (南沙群岛) over the past year along with the Philippines’ case filed with the Permanent Court of Arbitration. In this paper, I will be discussing the historical context and situation, examining the academic and legal responses to the issue, and analyzing the conflict within the international law framework. Because this is a relatively recent development with little to no legal scholarship surrounding the event, my analysis will be limited to news articles and journal articles regarding previous Sino-Philippine maritime conflict. Historical Context and The Situation On 22 January 2013, the Philippines charged the People’s Republic of China “under Annex VII to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, ‘with respect to the dispute…over the maritime jurisdiction of the

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