The skeletal system is made up of cartilage and bone. Both bone and cartilage are connective tissues, that is, they are composed of cells in a matrix with intracellular fibers. Just imagine connective tissue as a gelatin salad with grapes and coconut. The grapes would represent cells, the gelatin the support material for matrix, and the pieces of coconut the intracellular fibers. By changing the amounts of each ingredient and adding extra substances, we can produce a material that is very hard like bone and can withstand weight or softer like cartilage which can be used as a cushioning material. In this exercise, we will examine a fresh raw chicken bone to study bone
Materials for this laboratory included Microsoft excel to compile data, a pen and paper to record data, a 15cm ruler, string, a caliper, and a two meter ruler. Since bones often times vary in width in certain portions of the same bone due to the presence of joints and processes the bone was measured at the midpoint along its length for its true width. Measurements
From the days of Still we are reminded that structure and function are a primary focus reciprocally interrelated-so much so that the basic structure of the skeleton and the parts that make it up are designed to operate a certain mechanical way. The physiological and deeper functional
In this content am going to be talking and explaining the structure and function of the skeletal system. I will be talking about: Axial skeleton, Appendicular. Also highlighting the different types of bone such as long bones, short bones flat bones, irregular bones and sesamoid bones. I am also going to be talking about how your body is
A long bone is composed of 6 main parts. The diaphysis, epiphyses, metaphyses, articular cartliage, the periosteum and medullary cavity. (Tortora and Derrickson, 2011).
The skeletal system is made up of bones and joints. Bones are a dry dense tissue that is composed of calcium phosphorous and organic matter. The bones are protected and covered by a layer of fibrous connective tissue membrane called the periosteum (Brown, et al., 2015, p. 1547). There are two basic types of bone tissue: Compact Bone and Spongy Bone. Compact bones are dense smooth bones, while Spongy bones are composed of small needle-like pieces of bones and open space. Bones are then categorised according to the shape of the bone into four groups: long, short, flat and irregular. Long bones characteristically are typically longer then they are wide and generally have a shaft with heads at either ends e.g. the humerus. They are mainly compact bones. Short bones
Osseous tissue contains specialized cells, cell products, and a fluid matrix. The distinctive solid, stony nature of bone results from the deposition of calcium salts within the matrix. Crystals of calcium phosphate account for almost two-thirds of the weight of the bone. The majority of
Have you ever thought about how humans would be without bones? They would not be able to function the way that they do now if it did not have bones. The skeletal system is a highly important system in the human body, it functions as support, protection, and creation of red blood cells. This system is composed of bones and joints, an average adult contains 206 bone and an average child contains 270 bones because as a person grows the bones fuse together to create a single bone. The skeletal system is divided in to two major category: the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton has 80 bones in the midline axis which contains the bones of the head and the trunk; while the appendicular axis has 126 bones which include the bones from the limbs, pectoral and pelvic regions. There are only a few select bones that are mainly affected by the Paget disease these include the pelvis and the tibia which belong to the appendicular axis; however, other bones that could be affected are the femur, spine, skull, clavicle, and fibula.