The Slavery Of The South

810 Words Jan 14th, 2015 4 Pages
The South was Agricultural, while the North had become industrial. Dutch traders brought African slaves to Virginia in 1619. These slaves were often traded for casks of rum. Samuel Slater started one of the first factories in the North. Slater built a cloth factory at Pawtucket, Rhode Island. In 1839, Charles Goodyear discovered the process for vulcanizing rubber. Elias Howe, a Cambridge mechanic, invented the sewing machine in 1845. In 1973, Eli Whitney had invented the cotton gin. It completely transformed agriculture in the South. Previously, cotton was too expensive to do on a large scale. The climate of the South made it perfect for growing for cotton. In sizing up the situation, one Southern senator declared, “Cotton is King!” Many of the leading men of the South had opposed slavery. Among them were Washington, Jefferson, Henry, and Madison. However, like many others, they were unable to solve the problem. In the early nineteenth century, individuals and groups began a movement for the abolition of slavery. The people behind this movement were called abolitionists. One of the leading abolitionists was William Lloyd Garrison. He began publishing a newspaper against slavery. His paper was called The Liberator because he wanted to free the slaves. In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, appeared.The book emphasized the worst evils of slavery. Nat Turner, a black preacher, led a group of Virginia slaves in a revolt against…

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