The Sleeping Giant : Myths Of California Breaking Off And Floating Away Into The Pacific Ocean

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It’s been called the sleeping giant. Myths of California breaking off and floating away into the Pacific Ocean. This myth is one of the most popular to this day. Why? Because of a 800 mile long fault that makes it’s way through California called the San Andreas Fault. Beginning when the East Pacific Rise submerged under the North American Plate about 40 miles away from what is now Los Angeles. Spreading northwest and southeast, The San Andreas Fault or SAF gradually grew, and is still growing. The grinding plates, along with earthquakes, to this day are gradually reshaping California, as we know it. In this paper, we will look at the history of The SAF and learn what it is and what it could be capable of doing. To fully understand the SAF, let’s look at what a fault actually is. A fault is a rupture where two blocks of the Earth 's crust have moved past one another. (Lange, 2016) “Faults are classified based on the direction of the slip between the blocks of earth. The faults in the San Andreas system are called strike-slip faults. Faults can occur anywhere on the Earth 's surface. The San Andreas Fault system is not just a simple strike-slip fault. It is actually a transform boundary separating the Pacific and North American tectonic plates.” (Lynch, 2013) “By definition, an earthquake is the shaking of the ground cause by seismic waves. Almost all earthquakes occur when unreleased stress in rocks along large, active faults (like the SAF) as the rock breaks it releases

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