Social construction is the basis in which we create a meaning of something through our interaction in society. (video) These meanings are generally accepted throughout society but are completely created. These creations of meanings are what groups recognize and attach understanding to. Most of social construction is already ingrained in us without even realizing it. In social construction, the meanings that are attached reinforce knowledge of reality. (video)
One of the authors, Dr Lynne Armitage, is a faculty member of the Architecture Building and Planning faculty at the University of Melbourne. She has numerous academic qualifications, and has held academic positions in property, land management, valuation and urban development at five universities in three countries. Her qualifications include a Post Graduate Diploma in Urban Studies
As any good realtor will say, there are three main important factors to remember when buying or renting a piece of property: “location, location, location”. Oftentimes, the location of ones home will have some of the biggest impacts on their lives. Since we live in a capitalist society where work is key to survival, location has a major affect on work. The importance of location can become a problem when work and the rest of one’s life become separate. Before the industrial revolution, work and the house were intertwined with both activities taking place in the same location. However, after the industrial revolution, work was moved outside the home and into the factory. Though our current society is not structured around factories, the physical location of the workplace remains separated from the home. This can lead to conflicts between where someone lives, sometimes without much of a choice, and the work available. The crux of this is the Spatial Mismatch theory which is the idea that the economic restructuring that has taken place in the past decades has lead to the loss of work opportunities for low-income and minority workers due to work being moved away from where they live. Economic restructuring such as deindustrialization has moved many jobs away from the city and urban setting and into the suburbs where low-income and minority workers may not have an opportunity to live. In addition to the movement of jobs, the importance of transportation, both private and public,
Another barrier is wrong implementation or inconsistent implementation, this can be addressed by checking in, reviewing data, and reviewing the plan with those implementing
The term Social Construction is an idea or perception of what is normal or acceptable formed and built by individuals or societies around their experiences, these could be opinions or beliefs passed down through generations. They are not rigid or based on a set of instructions, they are as diverse as their creators. What one may feel is an acceptable behaviour, another may find offensive. This could be as complex as plunging a small child underwater to baptism them in the name of a god. Or as simple as sitting to the dinner table to eat your meals. We all do it, consciously or unconsciously and I will certainly be taking a closer look at how I came to opinions I have on whether something is right or wrong in the future.
There are several local barriers to housing, and they have actually intensified over the years. Local and national indicators support different observations of housing researchers, and different practitioners. For example, local researchers examining proxy measures found that barriers to housing development have actually increased from 1970 to 1990, and still continue to rise. Researchers have continued to find the barriers to housing development— through the evident increases between home prices and construction costs. The vast majority of the nations largest cities are feeling the big crush of sharply increased housing cost, which also contribute to the outpacing of wages. For example, In 1960, Los Angeles was zoned to accommodate about
The commercial construction industry is a very complex field. Every purchase, every sale, every action is followed by a myriad of legalities. The construction industry itself deals everyday with contract, employee, and zoning laws. However these fields are magnified in importance when it comes to commercial construction. Every skyscraper must adhere to a very specific set of rules during every stage of building. Before building even begins companies must first submit proposals to the respective city of building in order to be approved. Each building must be approved for building height, when they can work, and how to power the buildings. During construction companies must make sure to hire union workers, minorities, and others as is required by law in the said city. Also the companies must be sure to meet all safety standards in order to avoid liability. Finally after building the company must deal with contract law in the selling of the building and making sure all previously made requirements had been met. I will focus specifically on John Moriarty and Associates, a commercial construction management firm with an office in Boston, Massachusetts. For them the specific laws and problems they must navigate are specific to the city of Boston and also vary project to project. Looking at specifically Boston’s zoning laws, they 're employment requirements on large scale projects, the safety guidelines builders in the city must follow, and the contracts JMA is used to