The Social Colonies Of Ants

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Ants are one of the most amazing groups of insects in the animal kingdom. This is because they

are social insects. Ants form organized and structured colonies or nests consisting of millions of

individuals. Colonies of ant species will work together and form super-colonies, covering a very

large area of land. Their colonies are described as super organisms as they appear to work and

survive as a single entity.

Ants have captured almost every area on Earth. They make up to 15% of the total animal

biomass of a tropical rainforest. It has also been estimated that the combined weight of all ants

exceeds the weight of mankind. They are present on all continents apart from Antarctica. This

insect occupy a large range of ecological
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The ants have six legs. The wing is

only present in the adult ant. The size of ants range from 0.75 to 52 mm (0.030–2.0 inch). The

largest species of ant is the fossil Titanomyrma giganteum. The queen of this species is 6

centimetres (2.4 in) long. Its wingspan is of 15 centimetres (5.9 in). Ants differ in color; most of

them are red or black, but a few special species of are ants are green and whereas some tropical

species have a metallic luster.

Ants and their Lifecycle

The life cycle of the ant consists of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. If the egg is

fertilized, it produces female ants i.e. queens, workers, or soldiers; and if the eggs remain

unfertilized, they produce male ants.

Egg: The shape of the egg of the Ants is oval and tiny (1 mm long, queen's egg is many times


Larvae: The larvae are worm-like and have no eyes and no legs. It eats food regurgitated by adult

ants. The larvae shed its skin (molt) many times as it increase in size.

Pupa: The larvae spin a silk-like cocoon around itself (against a solid object, like the wall of the

chamber) and pupate after reaching a certain size. During this phase, the body of it
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