The Social Contract Of The Middle East

1431 Words Sep 29th, 2016 6 Pages
The social contracts of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau constructed a basis upon which governments have expressed their validity and purpose. This can be observed most prominently in the Western world, due to the development of these social contracts alongside that of governments of Western nations. But the abstract roots of these theories on the foundation of government are applicable to all peoples. The Middle East is of particular interest due to the recent outcries and protests against governments in the region. Looking at these nations and events through the lens of these social contracts is complicated by the historical lack of consent on part of the people, an elementary component in each of the three philosophers ' idealizations of a social contract. Though the arguments of stability and security that Hobbes conceives as a basis for government are much abused through the history of the Middle East, the ideas of Locke and Rousseau shed more light upon much of the political development of the region. Much of the Middle East 's modern history has been filled with governments bearing similarities to Hobbes ' formulation of the social contract. Hobbes takes as a starting point a state of nature in which chaos and violence reign in the conflict of each man 's self-interest. He notes that in this "war of every man against every man [...] nothing can be unjust" and that notions of morality do not exist (Leviathan. Page 85). So it is entirely out of self-interest that…

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