The Social Determinants Of Health

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Stress has been identified as one of the social determinants of health. It has different meanings in various contexts, so a proper definition will give a good insight of the term. Stress can be defined as a state of emotional or mental disturbance resulting from adverse or demanding conditions. Stress can also be defined as a physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental disturbance and could be a causal in disease formation. Stresses can result from the environment, psychological, or social situations (external) or from illness, or from a medical procedure (internal). The "fight or flight" response, which is a complex reaction of neurologic and endocrinologic systems can be initiated by stress . (1) World Health Organisation defined social determinants of health as conditions in which people are raised, where they reside, how they make a living, and how they age over time. These conditions are influenced by availability of financial resources, distribution of power and resources at global, national and local levels. Economic and social situations and their availability among the population that affect individual and group differences in health status are the social determinants of health. It was discovered that individual factors like behavioural risk factors or genetics do not play a major role in risk of developing disease or vulnerability to disease or injury, rather, factors like distribution of

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