The Social Labeling Theory

600 Words Feb 24th, 2018 2 Pages
The theory closely relates to stereotyping or self-fulfilling prophecies. The theory of social labeling explains why defiant individuals engage in activities that go against cultural or societal norms (Crossman, 2014). Though popular in the early 1970s, theorists have redefined the theory trying to avail assertions that conform to the present social formations. The labeling theory relies on unwanted descriptors including defiance, mental disorder diagnosis, or disability while trying to explain non-conformance to prevalent stipulations or societal requirements. Stigma is an example of a social label that redefines an individual's identity and concept in society.
The Theory of Reintegrative Shaming
The reintegrative shaming theory remains common practice in the numerous criminal justice systems around the world. Through the reintegrative theory, the justice system sought to create a long-lasting bond between offenders and the society. John Braithwaite designed and formulated the reintegrative shaming theory seeking to avail a feasible alternative to the social labeling theory (Zhang, 2004). In his theory, John indicated two types of reintegrative processes that include a reintegrative and stigmatic shaming. While the stigmatic shaming intends to disintegrate the social tie between the offender and community,…