The Social Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy

1363 WordsOct 1, 20176 Pages
In the "Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy", the author Barrington Moore Jr. discusses or presents how the upper class and peasants were represented in different in the processes like democracy, fascism, and communism. In the book, Barrington separates the book into 2 parts. Part I focuses on the process to achieving democracy and capitalism in the cases of England, France and the United States of America. Part II of the book focuses on communism, fascism, and an Asian form of democracy for the countries of China, Japan, and India respectively. While there is a lot of material to discuss, reading about the evolutions of these country 's political systems was interesting to read and makes you think about how far we have come not…show more content…
France and the French Revolution can almost be summarized as being the exact opposite as England and the England Civil War at the time. Peasants in France were actually exploited by the money that was eventually extracted and given to the nobility. This ultimately led to the consolidation of peasant ownership property. This is a big difference to England where they would just destroy it. Throughout all of this though, the biggest, if not the most important, difference France had with England was that most French nobles would earn the majority of their money from the peasants. You can see how there may be a sense of conflict here. Soon, feudalism became in practice and was combined with absolutism. A royal bureaucracy was a key force in making this system work. This ultimately actions was ultimately leading to a modernizing revolution. Jumping to the French Revolution again, the Revolution didn 't necessarily happen all at once. I personally did not know much about the French Revolution but had no idea that it happened in separate incidents or spurts. Each spurt that the French Revolution picked backed up, it was led by sans-culottes. This success rests entirely on the support that had with all the peasants. This ultimately making the peasants the quote "arbiter of the Revolution" as Moore suggests on page 77. On Page 77, there is also a quote that discusses more about the sans-culottes which echoes a little bit what I have already said.
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