The Social Theory Of Sociology

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Being one of the youngest social sciences in comparison to others, sociology is continuing to develop and form to the beliefs and opinions of present and future generations. The definition of sociology is the methodical study of various societies. These societies are thus the sum of all individuals from small clusters to complex social organizations. Sociology studies societies with a scientific perspective, in order to achieve knowledge concerning human society and ways to attain progress within it. This means that sociology helps improve peoples’ comprehension of society as a whole, therefore increasing the power of social action. However, social action is a very controversial method in sociology due to its growing debates about…show more content…
By this statement, Marx claims that ever since the beginning of society, it has remained divided between classes who constantly clash because of their search for class interests. Marx therefore uses the obstacles in society, or class interests, as well as the question of power as his main focus for the social process. “Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other; Bourgeoisie and Proletariat” (Marx, Engel 80). Marx’s theory correlates with the shift he experienced from a feudal society where the land-owning class was segregated from the laborer class. The Industrial Revolution caused the shift, thus causing the capital owning class to be segregated from the workers. Marx believes that the relationships between men are formed according to their relative positions regarding the means of productions.
According to Marx, the Bourgeoisie consists of the property-owning class, whereas the Proletariats are the industrial working class. These two classes are the focus of Marx’s argument, where he claims the Bourgeoisie harshly exploit the Proletariats. This however, is in the capitalist mode, therefore making the Bourgeoisie reign over the Proletariat class. Within capitalist production, exploitation is a defining factor, meaning that the removal of surplus value from laborers is the key focus of profit and accumulation. Between the Bourgeoisie and the
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