Essay about The Sociological Framework of Harriet Martineau

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The Sociological Framework of Harriet Martineau

Over the past twenty years, sociology has gone through a process of self-evaluation, as field researchers and observers express a wariness about the empty universalism of speculative systems and look for ways in which to secure empirical foundations that give way to meaningful application in a pluralistic, postmodern world. The survival of sociology as a critical theoretical discipline is a concern expressed by many, such as contemporary social analyst George Ritzer, who are forging new paths of application that represent a paradigm shift in this classical social legacy. In the framework of classical sociological theory, numerous sources, including Ritzer, investigate this brave new
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By referring to works on classical sociological theory and other sources, one can only arrive at the conclusion that Martineau provided a conceptual framework "capable of providing an integrating paradigm for the entire field of social-psychological-cultural relations" upon which many modern social theorists have been able to put forth theories that are attuned to postmodern realities, as well. (Hutcheon 2-3). In the seminal work, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, authors note the birth of meaningful social science concurrent with Martineau's groundbreaking social research, as they explore her attempts to "move away from subjective authorship" in order to "devise objective methods for the observation and representation of the social state" (Cooper & Murphy, p. 122). Martineau, and her contemporaries such as George Ritzer, clearly have found the means to do this through the interactionist approach.
As method researchers observe, for Martineau, and her contemporary Ritzer, aesthetic considerations are as key to their method as much as scientific observation and representation. Critics have considered both Society in America, Martineau's most widely known work which attacks the reality/rhetoric issues confronting methodological strategy and ethnocentrism, and her foundational treatise on sociological theory in data collection, How to Observe Morals and Manners. These works

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