The Sociology Of Health And Illness

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Light & Hughes (2000) explains that Medical sociology or the sociology of health and illness

is majorly based on the empiricist philosophy which uses the measurement of objectives for

quantitative change. Lupton (2012) traces that early in its development, medical sociology

inherited rationalist approach for its acceptance as semi-scientific methodology and by virtue

of which is considered as a component of social medicine rather than critical sociology and

the consequent development in medical sociology and the sociology of health and illness the

biological, human anatomy conception of the body has remained unchallenged.

A single unified sociological
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However, in more recent time 's a third position has developed which

attempts to breakdown this duality between the relative importances attached to social actors

versus social structures. These three dominant theoretical perspectives in the history of the

sociology of health and illness are as follows: functionalism, the political economy approach

and social constructionism. Also, their exceptions are currently in accordance with sociological

health and illness because functionalism and the political economy approach after 1970s have

been on a lower note, quite less into consideration.

Social structural approaches to exploring social reality include those empiricist sociologists

who believe that an objective 'science of society ' is possible in much the same way as a physical

science such as biology or physics. This empirical sociology looks to explain the norms of

social life in terms of various identifiable linear causal influences. Social structural approaches

would also include those sociologists who see human society as being shaped by an underlying

material social and economic structure. These are structures that may not always be visible, but

nevertheless are fundamental in explaining social and individual processes.

In relation to health, a predominantly social structural approach would draw upon quantitative

data derived from social surveys, epidemiological
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