The Sociology Of Health And Illness

1292 Words Sep 4th, 2014 6 Pages
Light & Hughes (2000) explains that Medical sociology or the sociology of health and illness

is majorly based on the empiricist philosophy which uses the measurement of objectives for

quantitative change. Lupton (2012) traces that early in its development, medical sociology

inherited rationalist approach for its acceptance as semi-scientific methodology and by virtue

of which is considered as a component of social medicine rather than critical sociology and

the consequent development in medical sociology and the sociology of health and illness the

biological, human anatomy conception of the body has remained unchallenged.

A single unified sociological perspective concerning the nature of social reality does not exist. In

this respect sociology is no different to any other academic discipline, for all embrace competing

perspectives or paradigms - this is how subject knowledge is advanced.

The major long-standing epistemological divide that exists within sociological theory is that

between those sociologists who argue that society can be studied in an objective way through

identifying and examining the structures of society, and those who argue for an interpretative or

subjective approach to social phenomena more focused on social actors. Structuralist approaches

often tend to focus on the macro level while subjectivist approaches tend to focus on the micro…

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