The Sociology of Development: Case Study of Myanmar

1247 Words5 Pages
The present paper's aim is to consider the sociology of development as illustrated in the case study of Myanmar, with special focus on the causes of underdevelopment that can be correlated with the modernization and dependency theories, along with comparing the country of study with U.S.A. in terms of democracy, and finally offering insight into the close relationship between state and religion. Starting with 1970, theorists referred to the dependency theory by arguing that trade with wealthy countries does not benefit underdeveloped ones, and consequently enforces upon them a status of structural dependence. Upon registering this consideration, elites of developing countries reacted by openly acknowledging it, because it placed the focus on global capitalism, and thus exempted or, more likely, minimized the part that poverty played in the mechanism of internal issues or the local-based corruption (Inglehart and Welzel, 2009, p. 35). Hence, the consensus was established in Third World nations that they would withdraw from global markets and instate some import policies instead, for the purpose of making global exploitation obsolete. However, in the past few years it became clear that isolationist practices and import substitution strategies have not been very successful in further developing poor countries, seeing as nations least involved with global trade, such as Myanmar, have registered slow progress. In fact, other countries on a similar developmental level took full
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