The Somalian Refugee Crisis Essay

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The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees announced, “Somalia's drought and refugee crisis is the most severe humanitarian emergency in the world, (UNHCR, 2011). Although estimates vary, about 800,000 people have left Somalia seeking asylum. Most now reside in refugee camps in bordering Kenya and Ethiopia. Many trek for days with little or food to seek safety and assistance in refugee camps only to find conditions that are no better. Host nations and humanitarian organizations cannot support the vast number of refugees that have already crossed the border and thousands more arrive every day. Maintenance of the current course of action is not the answer. Besides conjuring more international assistance and humanitarian aid, it is…show more content…
By early summer (1992), at least 300,000 civilians had already died and in July (2009) the International Committee of the Red Cross re-iterated its six-month old estimates that 95 percent of the population of Somalia was malnourished and 70 percent in imminent danger of death by starvation, (Jon Western, 1999). Between 1992 and 1995 a UN Peacekeeping force and a small American lead coalition attempted to stabilize the country. After limited success, both eventually pulled out. In the decade that followed fighting between warlords, political groups, and neighboring countries have contributed to numerous failed attempts to establish a functioning government. The country is considered a failed state. To compound the issues, in the last two years limited rain fall has caused the worst drought in over 60 years. The already overwrought food situation exponentially worsted as crops and livestock die due to water shortages. As a result the numbers of refugees have recently increased dramatically, with over 330,000 Somalis seeking refuge since January of 2011, (UNHCR, 2011). For the Somali people, options are very limited. Warlords have actually banned humanitarian efforts in some areas. When left with little choice they abandon their homes and make for the shelter of a neighboring country. Tens of thousands of families travel by foot carrying their children sometimes for more than a week. Most times with

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