The Soul : The Republic By Plato

1371 WordsApr 5, 20166 Pages
Division of the Soul The Republic by Plato emphasizes how justice is exemplified by arguing that our soul is divided into three different parts and relates to Eudaimonia, happiness. A Greek philosopher, Socrates, was determined to find the exact meaning of justice. Socrates along with other philosophers, such as Thrasymachus, Adeimantus, and Glaucon, continuously argued until a perfect definition was formed. Justice first started in the city that had an organization of three classes: a general class of craftsmen, a class of soldiers, and a class of guardians (423a). In order to understand what justice looked like in an individual, Socrates used the classes that worked in the city as inspiration for parts of the soul within the human body. Socrates proposed that the three single parts of the soul consisted of rational, appetite, and spiritual, which need to harmoniously cooperate with one another for justice to occur. In result, Socrates defines justice as the quality of the soul where each part does its own job and does not meddle with the other parts, whereas injustice has one part that meddles with the job of another part of the soul. Overall, Socrates’ division of the soul stops at three parts because it is the basics of how one’s soul operates. It accomplished the necessary relationships of power and influence relating to one another, and without the three different elements, neither the soul nor the society would be just or be able to function properly. Socrates
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