The South China Sea Is Extremely A Significant Body Of Water

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The South China Sea is extremely a significant body of water which lies south of mainland China, east of Vietnam and Cambodia, west of the Philippines, and encompasses hundreds of mostly uninhabited small atolls, cays, islands, and sandbars, all of which their soverenty is heavily contested. The South China Sea covers a “maritime area of 3.5 million square kilometers” (Guoqiang, 2015), which China makes claim to the nine-dotted line, which is just over 2 million square kilometers, according to the China Institute of International Studies. The South China Sea is the second most used sea lane in the world and over 10 million barrels of crude oil a day are shipped through the sea lane. “More than half of the world’s annual merchant fleet tonnage passes through these choke points, and a third of all maritime traffic worldwide” (Kaplan, 2014, 5). The Southeast Asian region is also home to almost two-billion people, roughly 24% of the world’s population, most of who are reliant on the flourishing fisheries in the South China Sea.
The South China Sea consists of over 250 islands, atolls, cays, reefs, and sandbars in the South China Sea; very few of the “islands” have any natural water supply. Most of the islands have no indigenous inhabitants, but offer flourishing fishing grounds, an abundance of sea life, such as fish, animals and vegetation, and also may contain significant oil and natural gas reserves. Several states borders on the South China Sea including Brunei, China,

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