The Southern China Sea Dispute

1558 WordsNov 4, 20167 Pages
Committee: 6th Legal Topic: South China Sea Disputre Country: Nigeria BACKGROUND The Southern China Sea dispute is essentially a contest between China and Vietnam, Philippine, Malaysia and several other Southeast Asian nations over territorial control in the South China Sea, which includes some of the most strategically important maritime territory on earth. China claimed the sovereignty of territory by far the largest portion of territory - an area defined by the "nine-dash line" which stretches hundreds of miles south and east from its most southerly province of Hainan. China has backed its expansive claims with island-building and naval patrols. At the same time, the Philippines was seeking to develop the seabed hydrocarbon resources of Reed Bank in the South China Sea, an area under dispute with China. Should Manila put plan to action, Beijing is likely to dispatch enforcement vessels to disrupt such activities. Given the deteriorating bilateral relationship, tensions between the two countries are in danger of escalating to the point of brinkmanship. The disputes are further entrenched by rampant nationalism, as each claimant attaches symbolic value to the South China Sea islands that far exceeds their objective material wealth. The newly elected president of the Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte has expressed a willingness to negotiate with China over the disputed islands which dramatizes the issue. That’s an about-face from the previous administration, which had taken a
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