The Spanish Military Hospital Museum

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Recently, I visited the Spanish Military Hospital Museum in St. Augustine. Even though there are many cultures and co-cultures involved in my experience I will focus mostly on the Spanish culture and its position in the hospital. The Spanish Military Hospital includes three small buildings Hospital East, Hospital West, and the William Watson House which was also the apothecary. When I visited we went in the William Watson House, because the other two locations were destroyed in a fire. The hospital served military personnel only and used Spanish methods to adhere to their sick. While touring the museum many artifacts such as a pill roller, iron bells, ophthalmic speculum, herbs and many other tools were viewed and discussed. During my tour I viewed three rooms and the herb garden of the small hospital. One room specifically called the “mourning room” is where soldiers just rested until there death. Another room housed six to eight beds were soldiers rested while they recovered from there surgery. At this time period germ theory or anesthesia had not been developed yet so survival after surgery was risky. Most hospitals had a 30% – 40% survival rate but the Spanish military hospital had a 60% - 70% survival rate based on their Spanish tactics. For example when dressing the wound the Spanish used a lynch mixture made out of cotton and corn flour. This form of wound dressing was more efficient and cleaner than other wound dressings during this period. Also the Spanish changed
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