The Specificity Of Inhibitory Impairments

1363 WordsMay 4, 20156 Pages
The Specificity Of Inhibitory Impairments In Autism And Their Relation To ADHD-Type Symptoms Adam Scavo Des Moines Area Community College Children with autism are showing signs of ADHD type symptoms at younger ages. Attention –Deficit/hyperactivity disorder, also known as ADHD is known to effect children more than it does adults, “Population surveys suggest that ADHD occurs in most cultures in about 5% of children and about 2.5% of adults” (American Psychiatric Association). ADHD mostly begins in the adolecent years of the life. The requirement that several symptoms be present before 12 years of age conveys the importance of a substantial clinical presentation during childhood. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder shows a…show more content…
Autistic toddlers differ more strikingly from social norms; for example, they have less eye contact and turn-taking, and do not have the ability to use simple movements to express themselves, such as pointing at things. “In recent years, reported frequencies for autism spectrum disorder across U.S. and non-U.S. countries have approached 1% of the population, with similar estimates in childhood and adult samples. It remains unclear whether higher rates reflect and expansion of the diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV to include subthreshold cases, increased awareness, differences in study methodology, or a true increase in the frequency of autism spectrum disorder (American Psychiatric Association). There have been many studies that have correlated the link between autism and ADHD type symptoms. A test done by Charlotte Sanderson and Melissa L. Allen showed the correlation of ADHD symptoms and Autism Spectrum Disorder. They used three tests to study the children that they were using in this experiment, the first was the Go/No-go task followed by the Dog-Pig Stroop test and finally the flanker test. The Go/ No-go task is where they used four shapes (square, circle, triangle, and diamond) and the children were told to press a large star shaped button corresponding to three of the shapes, while resisting the fourth shape. The trial had time limits of 1000 ms before automatic termination of the trial, after the termination of the trial there was a 1,100
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