The Spread Of The Black Death

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The spread of the Black Death across Europe in the fourteenth century had a major impact on the areas directly affected by it, but it also instilled change all over the world. Following the initial loss of life that put strains on social, political, and economic systems, the aftermath of the plague, as it is referred, brought both positive and negative changes. The Black Death, which obtained its name was said to have originated in China in 1334 through the infection of black rats by bacteria-carrying fleas and spread to Europe by 1347, through international trade routes, both over land in merchant caravans, as well as sea trades (Cantor 11). The plague touched down in Sicily and soon spread northwest across Europe infecting people in France, Spain, Portugal and England. The transmission along sea routes and in large active seaport cities accounted for the highest infection and mortality rates. Urban cities also experienced large mortality rates caused by the dense population and unsanitary conditions due to a lack of sewer systems. Symptoms of the Black Death, as it was eventually named, were severe and painful. People who contacted this plague had a 4 out of 5 probability of dying within two weeks. The initial stage consisted of flu-like symptoms, accompanied by high fever, followed by the appearance of black welts and bulges in the groin and near the armpits that were extremely painful and caused vomiting and diarrhea. The final stage, usually the fatal stage,
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