The Spread Of Viral Hepatitis

1445 WordsJul 21, 20166 Pages
Countries all over the world suffer from some type of major health issue. In particular, viral hepatitis is a disease that is not only spread globally, but is more rampant in underdeveloped countries. In these countries, access to proper health care to treat and prevent this disease is limited. Without proper treatment, viral hepatitis can cause permanent bodily damages and have an impact on mortality rates. This paper will discuss the spread of viral hepatitis in Africa, social factors of the disease, economic factors of the disease, U.S. global health policies and initiatives to help battle the spread of the disease, and additional resources allocated to help Africa fight against viral hepatitis. Social Factors Viral hepatitis is a disease that has significant effects in countries all over the world. In more developed countries, such as the United States (U.S.), a low percentage of people - 2% - are infected with either Hepatitis A or E. This is because those types of hepatitis are spread through infected food or water consumption and since the U.S. follows regulations through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the chance of contracting Hepatitis A or E is low. However, in underdeveloped regions such as in Africa, the percentage of those susceptible to those forms of hepatitis are higher, especially in pregnant woman. The mortality rate for infected women is 15% to 25% (Wilson, 2009). Hepatitis B (HBC) and Hepatitis C (HCV), which are transmitted through
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