The Spread of Naturalism in Theaters

1429 WordsFeb 25, 20186 Pages
In the early 20th century the movement known as naturalism in theatre began to spread. It was first publically supported my Emile Zola in the 1880s and then modified into naturalistic acting by Stanislavski (in class notes). The idea behind naturalism is that the environment shapes character. During the time he began publishing short stories, Anton Chekhov, a man with a passion for writing since a young age, met Stanislavski (Atkinson). Stanislavski and Vladimir Danchenko founded the Moscow Arts Theatre and worked together with Chekhov (in class notes). The stage for the Moscow Art Theatre produced views of realistically looking rooms, furniture, walls, entrances, fixtures and architectural design for the period of time in which plays took place (Bakshy). During Anton Chekhov’s lifetime, Russia’s population grew and unlike the rest of the industrializing Europe, Russia kept its serf economy. Events in Russia impacted what Chekhov wrote about. He was once the owner of a cherry orchard and when he sold it, the new owner chopped down all the orchard trees. Chekhov’s play, The Cherry Orchard, along with the Sea Gull, Uncle Vanya and Three Sisters all illustrate the exasperating life for those who were landowners at the time. Although his characters want a better life, they don’t what to do to achieve it. In Russia at the time, Alexander II emancipated the serfs in his Emancipation Manifesto but in doing so, he left the emancipated serfs without a way to earn money. They

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