The Stanford Prison Experiment : Psychological Effect On Prisoners And Prison Guards

1341 Words Apr 27th, 2015 6 Pages
Purpose:
The Stanford prison experiment was a study conducted by Professor Phillip Zimbardo about psychological effect on prisoners and prison guards. He conducted the experiment because he wanted to find out whether the brutality of guards in American prisons was due to sadistic personalities of the guards or the behaviors of the guards towards the prisoners had to with prison Environment. The study elicited pathological reactions from many of the participant. The purpose of the study was to understand the development of norms and the effects of roles, labels and social expectations in a simulated prison environment.
Methods:
According to Philip Zimbardo, The methods of the study was to observe the effects of playing the role of the prison ‘guard’ or “prisoners” in the contest of the experiment prison environment. Zimbardo thought his research would be a simple one involving an assignment of those the guards and the prisoners. Advertisements were placed in newspaper offering $15 per day for participants in the program. Out of 75 respondents the 24 male who were thought to be mentally stable were selected mainly middle class and white males, they were into two groups randomly, of the 12 prisoners and guards. The group that was selected to be guards was outfitted in military like clothing and mirrored shades that were intimidating. Zimabrdo however acted as the warden for the duration of the experiment, informed the guards that the only rule was that no physical punishment…
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