The Stop TB Strategy in Different Countries

442 Words Feb 2nd, 2018 2 Pages
This strategy involves and addresses TB/HIV, multidrug-resistant TB and the needs of poor and vulnerable populations, strengthening primary care, engaging all care providers, empowering people with TB and communities with partnership, and enabling and promoting research. DOTS is a global TB control, reducing TB incidents by directly observing patients taking their drugs. Countries that have adopted the DOTS strategy have effectively treated a total of 51 million people since 1995 (The Global Fund To Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, 2014).

Nevertheless, national TB incidence rates seem to be much more correlated with social and economic factors such as the human development index, access to water sanitation, and child mortality than to the success of DOTS. WHO's most recent Stop TB Strategy keeps DOTS at its heart while also starting a shift toward greater appreciation of the social determinants of TB (Hargreaves et al., 2011).

POLICIES IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES

RUSSIA

The burden of TB in the Russian Federation is the 11th highest in the world while the burden of MDR-TB is the third highest (Coker et al., 2008). Until the 1990’s, Soviet authorities kept TB under control but with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the health infrastructure in Russia worsened dramatically, and the country challenged a number of…
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