The Strict Separation Of Power In The United States

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“When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty”, Charles de Montesquieu (1686-1755), a French lawmaker and political philosopher known as the father of the modern separation of powers system. He highly influenced the Farmers by its theory of separation of power developed in his book The Spirit of the Laws (1750). The separation of power consists of the division of a government body into three separate and independent branches known as the Executive, Legislative, and the judicial branches. In the United States, it is effective and has a particular importance for its democracy. In other words, the strict separation of powers gives the ability to the three branches…show more content…
First, Known as the head of the the government, the executive branch carries out and implement laws. It has the ability to cancel decisions of the legislative branch, can make legislation recommendation, and call for a special session of the congress. Moreover, the executive branch is the only institution that has the power to appoint Supreme Court justices and federal judges. Second, the judicial branch interprets the constitutions and appreciates weather decisions taken by the two other branches are constitutional. In addition, even though appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate, judges are completely from controls of these powers. Indeed, they have the total freedom to reviews the executive and legislative’s actions. For instance, the two temporary holds of President Trump’s executive order banning travelers from seven Countries. Third, the legislative, which core role, is to make laws has the competence to check and set limits to the two other branches’ powers as well. Beside the need of its approval in order to appoint judges, to make treatises effective, and to authorize funding of executive actions, the legislative branch can remove the President and the judges through impeachment. Nevertheless, the way a bill becomes a law is a perfect example of how the system of checks and balances works and the interdependence of the three branches. The legislative introduces, votes the bill, and sends it to the executive, which appreciates weather it is a good law for the country, if so, the President signs it and the judicial makes sure that the new law is not unconstitutional. From this example, one can say that the judicial has always the last words. Because without a favorable interpretation of the judges and Supreme Court justices, no law can be
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