The Stroop Effect On The Reaction Time

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Review of Literature Red, Green, Purple, Blue! Neurologists test the brain’s cognitive skills by trying to determine the text of the word the color is printed in; in which they have to differentiate the color from the meaning of the word. The subject is shown a color, and it will take the person longer to identify the color of the word, if the word is in an incongruent word color. This cognitive phenomenon is more commonly known as the Stroop Effect. The Stroop Effect is a study that lead to the occurence where objects of incongruent context and word display are used to find the reaction time it takes to determine the context of the word. The original way that is used to test the Stroop Effect is by printing a name of a color, in a…show more content…
Thus, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex are the two parts of the brain that control cognitive skills. Further, several parts of the brain are used to assist with perception. Likewise, the inferior temporal cortex is the part of the brain that vital for perception (Wellesley, 2013). Likewise, the inferior temporal cortex is a large mass of tissue that is divided into the posterior, central and the anterior (Wellesley, 2013). In addition, the middle frontal gyrus is a region of the brain near the top where colors may be identified (Sanders, 2014). The middle frontal gyrus is the area of the brain that mostly helps determine which color the particular object is. Color is the perspective the eye and brain views the way light affects the object (Sanders, 2014). Nevertheless, researchers do not know the exact process of steps it takes to identify objects and all of the regions that are used to identify objects and colors (Wellesley, 2013). Furthermore, it is believed that there is a mechanism in the brain that is sensitive to sudden, changing stimuli that is not yet known by doctors and scientists (May, Martin, MacCana, Lovegrove, 1988) Hence, the major parts of the brain that control perception and color perception are the inferior temporal cortex and the middle frontal gyrus;
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