The Stroop Effect On The Reaction Time

1254 Words Oct 22nd, 2014 6 Pages
Review of Literature Red, Green, Purple, Blue! Neurologists test the brain’s cognitive skills by trying to determine the text of the word the color is printed in; in which they have to differentiate the color from the meaning of the word. The subject is shown a color, and it will take the person longer to identify the color of the word, if the word is in an incongruent word color. This cognitive phenomenon is more commonly known as the Stroop Effect. The Stroop Effect is a study that lead to the occurence where objects of incongruent context and word display are used to find the reaction time it takes to determine the context of the word. The original way that is used to test the Stroop Effect is by printing a name of a color, in a varying font color. The purpose is to determine whether or not gender affects the reaction time it takes to determine what the color of the word is printed in. Two parts of the brain are used when analyzing the cognitive skills they possess. Cognition is the understanding of knowledge (MacDonald, 2000). Both are located in the frontal lobe: 1) the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and 2) the anterior cingulate cortex (MacDonald, 2000). In respect to the Stroop Effect, the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was more adapted to naming the color of the font (MacDonald, 2000). Whereas, the anterior cingulate cortex monitors the situation and signals the rest of the body to say the answer (MacDonald, 2000). However, it is not known what exactly…
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