The Structural Theory of Functionalism Essay

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In social science, Functionalism is the theory that put pressure on the dependence of the patterns and institutions of our society and her interaction by preserving her cultural and society unity. In Sociology, functionalism came from the sociologist EMILE DURKHEIM, who viewed our society as a sort of “ORGANISM” that brings with it certain “needs” that must be complete. The American sociologist Talcott Parsons analysed very extensive societies with regards to their social order, integration and stability. The structural theory of Functionalism is a vast perspective in social science which directs to the attention of the social structure of the function and its components. Those components are called norms, values, status and role.…show more content…
These key functions are called A.G.I.L. In order to understand social order lets have a look at the explanations of how and why all societies stick together. There are two different types of explanations for social order, which can be associated to the sociologist EMILE DURKHEIM on one hand and the sociologist KARL MARX on the other. The former sociologist E DURKHEIM is also associated with another sociologist called TALCOTT PARSONS put their attentions on the role that shared norms and values plays by preserving cohesion in our society. For the sociologist DURKHEIM, this importance emerged out of his critique of social thought. For EMILE DURKHEIM, by comparative estimate, questions on the morality were central to the explanation on social integration. His view rested on shared beliefs and values, which were located on the conscience collective. However, the coming of industrial society sees the arising of a new form of organic analogy which is based on the emerging out of socialisation. While EMILE DURKHEIM did not refuse the existence of conflict and the use of force, and specially in time of rapid change social change, TALCOTT PARSONS indicate the importance of moral consensus as a necessary to subsequent condition for social order. He saw Organic analogy as a different and modified form of the conscience collective and argued that
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