The Structure And Function Of Organelles Within A Eukaryotic Cell Essay

1376 Words Sep 21st, 2016 6 Pages
The Structure and Function of Organelles within a Eukaryotic Cell
The Structure of the Membrane and its Function in Cell Transport

The essence of life begins with knowing that all living things are made from cells. Cells and what is contained inside form the basic unit of structure and function in an organism. All cells have the same basic structure, the vital part being organelles. The name organelle comes from the Latin organellea; which means little organ. They can be found in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and preform specific functions within that cell.
Nucleus – The nucleus envelope is filled with fluid in which chromatin can be found. There are the ribosome-studded double membranes. Chromatin consists of DNA and proteins’. Within the cell nucleus is a viscous liquid called nucleoplasm. The nucleus acts as a control centre for the cell, directing and controlling the activities within the cell (Toole, G; Toole, S 2004; Wikipediea, 2016).
Mitochondria – Mitochondria play an important part in a cell’s metabolism, because of this they can influence many human diseases which normally present as neurological disorders. An important part of the mitochondria’s role is to produce Adenosine Triphosphate (a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme). To do this it also contains a large number of proteins’ (Henze, K; Henze,M, 2003).
Golgi Body – The Golgi body has a unique ability to manipulate proteins and carbohydrates in order to meet the needs of the cell. Molecules…

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