The Structure Of The Hip Joint

1475 Words Nov 25th, 2014 6 Pages
The hip joint is involved in movement and support of the body. Describe how the structure of the tissues associated with the joint enable it to function effectively.

Analysing the structure of the hip joint will discover the importance of the joint and the way it helps to support, stabilise, strengthen and create movement. Areas that will be explored are the skeletal system, different types of joints and all the tissues involved at the hip joint.

The skeletal system has five main functions which consist of support, movement, protection of organs, blood cell production and mineral release and storage. The skeletal system is made up of two parts, the Axial skeleton and the Appendicular skeleton. The Axial skeleton includes of the skull, spine and ribcage. The Appendicular is made up of the arms, legs, pelvic girdle and pectoral girdle. The human skeleton is composed of bones and joints. A joint is where two bones meet to enable movement. Hinge, pivot, gliding, saddle, ellipsoid and the ball and socket are all different types of joints which can be found in the human body.

Joints are classified by their structure; the hip joint is classified as a synovial joint. As shown in image 1 the synovial joint has a joint cavity which lies between the two bones. This contains the synovial fluid that lubricates the joint. The fluid is produced by the membrane which lines the cartilage called the synovial membrane. In certain joints small sack structures called bursas hold the synovial…

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