The Structure Of The Integumentary System

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Integumentary System The Integumentary system is where the initial symptoms of Scleroderma will appear. At the beginning stages, the skin will begin to harden and thicken primarily on the fingers but eventually hands, feet, face, and other skin areas on the body. Fingers typically swell and tighten resulting in restricted finger motion. Over time, the tightness of the skin will become more severe so that every day movements such as opening mouth, chewing food, and bending fingers may be lost. In some cases, the places where skin has hardened and thickened will lose the ability to sweat and grow hair. Skin redness is the main symptom of Scleroderma known as telangiectasias. Skin redness will vary with extreme temperature changes as in Raynaud 's phenomenon. Larger areas of redness are recognized with colder temperatures whereas with warmer temperatures redness is reduced. Skin is known to become lighter or darker as the disease progresses. Also calcium deposits form lumps on the skin which is known as calcinosis. Skeletal and Muscular System Due to skin tightening, the bones and joints movement are restricted. After a while this can lead to arthritis. Arthritis is the stiffness and inflammation of the joints. Since normal function in the fingers is lost, bone decay is common as well as muscle degradation. With increased bone decay, comes calcium deposits. In more severe cases, the patient may experience rheumatoid arthritis. Gastrointestinal System The gastrointestinal
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