The Structure of the American Government

1562 Words May 24th, 2005 7 Pages
The 3 Branches of Government
The constitution was established by men who had experienced the dictatorships of Europe and had escaped from its grasp. They sought to establish a form of government that would never allow a dictatorship or tyrant ruler to hold power over the people like in the places they had fled. With their creation of the foundation of what our government is today they created a system where 3 branches were all of equal power and each could be overruled by another which prevented any branch becoming superior of another. The separation of powers provides a system of shared power called Checks and Balances.(2) The three branches are legislative, judicial and executive and they each have specific powers to balance those of
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Since our Congress is bicameral, a system of self-checking is practiced. For example, bills have to be passed by both Houses prior to ratification.

The duty of the Executive Branch is to enforce the laws of the United States. (1) The branch is headed by the President of the United States. The President is the most influential person in the government and represents our nation to the rest of the world. However, the actions and opinions stated by our President represent the Executive branch as a whole. The president depends upon many people who advise him in how to try to gain the highest level of satisfaction for the American people.The President has several constitutional duties aside from the general "enforce the laws" duty. These are:
• To be Commander in Chief of the military
• To conduct foreign affairs
• To negotiate treaties with other nations
• To nominate members of the cabinet, judiciary, etc.
• To review and sign or veto bills
• To administer the laws of the nation
• To issue pardons as he sees fit
• To address the Congress from time to time to assess the state of the nation
The powers of the Executive consist of: veto power over all bills; appointment of judges and other officials; making treaties; ensureing all laws are carried out; the commander in chief of the military; and has pardon power. All the executive powers still have the ability of being checked by the other branches which prevents a president
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