The Struggle to Gain Equality: A Study of Native American Woman in Literature

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Respect Frees Women from Inequality

In "Woman: Myth and Reality," Simone De Beauvoir describes the myth of the Eternal Feminine which creates inequality between men and women. In "The Four Idols," Francis Bacon uses the four idols of the tribe, the cave, the marketplace, and the theater to show how humans' understanding and intelligence hinders their knowledge of nature. In "The Origin of Civil Society," Jean-Jacques Rousseau concludes that the Social Contract benefits those who are not strong to fight for their equality in law and civil rights. In "The Communist Manifesto," Karl Marx disapproves of an industrial society, and he strongly supports communism with his ten points to prove that communism is beneficial. In Ceremony, Leslie
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She states that `to pose woman is to pose then absolute Other' (821). `The other' is referred to women who are classified as being different to men even though both share a human body. Women are also not seen as `a subject, a fellow human being.'(821). This is caused by men who believe a myth of females through experiences of which Beauvoir states as feelings and thoughts, rather then the reality of women themselves. Men see women as what they think they see because of the way they feel about women. Men have opinions in ways of physical or knowledge of women. These opinions created are myths which men believe to be the true women. These men usually belong in the western patriarchal society. Men hold myths against women and "placed women beneath men and held them to be the property of men" (Guerrero). Being "placed beneath men" can show that women are treated unequally in a patriarchal society where they are not respected. This is the woman in a patriarch world.

Women who live in a matriarch society are equal to men due to the respect they receive. Men in a matriarch sort of become `the other.' The respect and equality can be seen in Native Americans. By examining Native American women's roles will show their equality with men. Women have "knowledge of weaving, agriculture, and animal husbandry" (9). They also look after children and the household. Therefore, "Navajo women are central forces in their families and communities" (1). They are important with
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