The Study and Findings of Climatology in Nepal Essay

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The Study and Findings of Climatology in Nepal

In many areas in Nepal, the history of climatology only dates back to 1956. Around this time, the Indian Meteorological Department instituted stations in various areas around the country, which were eventually taken over by the Nepalese government in 1966. Having these stations in place has given scientists significant insight into the Nepalese climate. However, some of the Indian equipment remained in the Nepalese stations, and unfortunately many Indian findings vary significantly from the Nepalese records of the same areas. Therefore, some information is unreliable, coupled by the fact that not all stations have operated since the start of the program (Thyer, 645).
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The Siwalik hills are known for their steep slopes, and erosion is prevalent here due to its weak bedrock. Its elevation is from 200-1500 meters, and it has a moist subtropical climate, with average temperatures around twenty-five degrees Celsius (Agrawala, 11). The Middle Mountains are characterized by their rocky soil, and there are some conifer forests here. The elevation ranges from 1,000 to 2,5000 meters, and it has a generally temperate climate, with an average temperature of twenty degrees Celsius (Agrawala, 11). The High Mountains, which include the Main Himalayas and the Inner Himalayan Valleys, have soil that does not typically weather, and its altitude ranges from 2,200 to 4,000 meters. The temperature is slightly colder here, ranging from cool to sub-alpine with temperatures between ten and fifteen degrees Celsius (Agrawala, 11). The final region is the High Himalayan region, where there is significant physical weathering and stony soils abound. The altitudes of the mountain ranges are all over 4,000 meters, and its climate varies from alpine to arctic, with temperatures under five degrees Celsius (Agrawala, 11).

There are four climatic seasons in Nepal, although two are highly significant. Summer (June to August) is the monsoon season, when Nepal receives about eighty percent of its rain total for the year (
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